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Foot Care Do's and Don'ts

  • Do not smoke.
  • Inspect feet daily for blisters, cuts and scratches. The use of a mirror can aid in seeing the bottom of your feet. Always check between your toes.
  • Wash feet daily. Dry carefully, especially between the toes.
  • Avoid very hot temperatures. Test water with hand, elbow or thermometer before bathing
  • If feet feel cold at night, wear socks. Do not apply hot water bottles or heating pads. Do not use an electric blanket. Do not soak feet in hot water.
  • Do not walk on hot surfaces such as sandy beaches or cement around swimming pools.
  • Do not walk barefoot.
  • Do not use chemical agents for removal of corns and calluses, corn plasters or strong antiseptic solutions.
  • Do not use adhesive tape on the feet.
  • Inspect the inside of your shoes daily for foreign objects, nail points, torn linings and rough areas.
  • If you have trouble seeing you feet, have a family member inspect your feet daily.
  • Do not soak your feet.
  • For dry feet use a very thin coat of a lotion or cream. Apply this after bathing and drying feet. Do not put this oil or cream between the toes. Consult your doctor for details.
  • Stockings: Wear properly fitted stockings. Do not wear mended stockings or those with seams. Change stockings daily.
  • Do not wear garters.
  • Shoes should be comfortable even when they are new. Do not depend on them to stretch out. Shoes should be made of leather.
  • Purchase shoes late in the afternoon when your feet are largest. Running or special walking shoes may be worn after checking with your doctor. Purchase shoes from a salesperson who understands diabetic foot problems.
  • Do not wear shoes without stockings.
  • Do not wear sandals with thongs between the toes.
  • In winter time, take special precautions. Wear wool socks and protective foot gear such as fleece-lined boots.
  • Do not cut corns and calluses. Follow instructions from your doctor.
  • Avoid crossing your legs while sitting – this may cause pressure on the nerves.
  • See your doctor regularly and be sure that your feet are examined at each visit.
  • Notify your doctor at once should you develop a blister or sore on your feet.
  • Be sure to inform your doctor or nurse that your have diabetes.